An accessible website for all possible website visitors is a must in this modern day and age. There are website accessibility standards that will help you in this regard such as the WCAG website accessibility guidelines. These guidelines are specifically created to help people with disabilities who would want to use the websites that they can find online. Individuals who have visual impairments are often those who deal with various barriers when accessing websites online. There are common website accessibility barriers that these individuals face. These common issues comprise non-HTML content, layout, inaccurate or missing alt text, navigation, and headings. These barriers have been proven to have some effect on how people with disabilities are able to use screen readers and other necessary technology.
What makes screen readers ideal for people with disabilities will have to be their specialized keyboard commands. These features help people with disabilities get information about files, icons, various texts, and folders that are present on the screen. All operating systems come with a certain screen reader in them. Most of these readers are very much capable of reading portions or all of whatever text can be seen on a page. But then, you can only meet the standards of these screen readers when you think about website accessibility when creating your website. When it comes to technology providing support for people with disabilities, they are the ones that comes with accessibility-enabled and well-structured codes. With the presence of faulty codes and code errors, there will be errors in technology and screen readers used to assist people with disabilities.
If you are going to create a website for all, you need to be fully aware of common website accessibility barriers and how you can combat them. Two of the key elements to ensuring a more accessible website for everyone, especially those with disabilities, are layout and headings. Proper web headings ensures that the website visitor will find what they want to find on your page. Instead of using decorative headings, you should aim to place them in a descending logical order for people with disabilities to interpret your web page properly. When it comes to reading HTML or CSS, screen readers vary. If the sequence of the text preparation requires reading, there are issues that screen readers go through. Technology in screen readers enables used to look for text on screen as these readers will not be reading the whole web page. That is why it is important for the HTML structure to be in a logical manner. Logical in the sense that reading must begin from top to bottom from the right side. This order ensures screen reader technology compliance.
When you have navigation, your website should allow the screen reader to skip them to make it more accessible. Moreover, using alternative tags and text for images is a must for people with disabilities to understand the content of the image.